by Alexandra Osadkova31 July '19
What are Fine Art Prints? Knowledge is gold
Fine Art Prints Explained
What exactly are art prints? A common misconception novice collectors have is that all prints are reproductions. Like posters hanging on a wall, mechanically reproduced and sold. The truth is that art prints, even on those rare occasions when they do take the poster form, are original artworks in their own right. These artworks bear the trace of the artist’s hand, as well as the marks of the printer the artist has chosen to work with. The prints made by our favourite artists are just as original as their sculptures, paintings, or photographs — there’s just more of them.
First and foremost, printmaking is an art. For this reason, original prints have been known to sell for over a million USD at auctions. Just recently, an etching by Pablo Picasso, La Minotauromachie, sold for a record-breaking $1.98 million. Of course, not all types of prints reach into the economic stratosphere in this way. As we will see, collecting prints can be a pragmatically inexpensive way to develop a respectable art collection. What’s essential is to know what to look for.
Fine art prints are usually printed from electronic files using archival quality inks and onto acid free fine art paper.
If you're searching for a print that will last for decades afterwards always select an acid-free paper. It's the acid material in several papers that makes them turn yellow, brittle & crack with time. Our newspapers are acid-free and made with 100% cotton fibres, and this makes sure your print will look as great in several years as it did the day it was published.
These colours when mixed, can produce millions of different colours. They have a colour range than is much larger than your average large format printer.
Digital files appropriate for fine art printing can be in several formats such as those produced by digital cameras, scanners or computer applications like Adobe Photoshop.
When creating such electronic files it's essential to make sure that the image is acceptable for printing in the required size. For optimal results, the photos would have to be 300 dpi in the required print size, although if it's an excellent quality picture, then you can frequently eliminate 150 dpi and less.
Fine art paper and photo paper: what's the difference?
Fine art printing is the term often used to refer to professional photographs being printed on very high-quality paper. This designation, which is by no means a label, meets specific quality criteria, about the paper in particular, which are sought after by many photographers and printers.The difference between regular photo paper and fine art paper lies in the composition of the paper itself. Natural fibres (usually cotton or alpha-cellulose) must be included within the composition of fine art paper. The paper is not artificially bleached with chlorine, thus ensuring that the photos stand the test of time. A significant asset in the sphere of art photography!
Normal photo paper meets the needs of customers who use them to view on an occasional basis, whereas fine art paper ensures the best light and provides excellent performance when exhibiting and are made to last. Because fine art paper is intended for the printing of high-quality photographs, its quality must be ideally suited to receiving inks and pigments. The composition of the surface layer must allow the ink to adhere well over time while offering a neutral pH to ensure that the paper also stands the test of time.
Lastly, a fine art paper will allow you to emphasise the composition of the image while providing the ideal support for intense colours and marked contrasts, while also enabling a wide range of grey tones.
Giclée Printing: It came into existence in the wake of computer technologies becoming more and more readily available to artists. Graham Nash (of the rock band Crosby, Stills, Nash, & Young) was one of the first to successfully utilise computer printers for his printing business. However, in 1991, one of Nash’s employees, the artist Jack Duganne, coined the term “giclée,” to distance his more artistic printing method from Nash’s more business-like model. The word itself derives from the French word for “nozzle” (giclee), and today refers to any print made using archival inks, archival papers, and colour quality control. Giclée prints are often an inexpensive alternative for digital artists who wish to make reproductions of their original two-dimensional artwork while preserving the original rendering for themselves.
Talk to those who know. An experienced dealer will know how to assess a print by the type of paper it’s printed on, the absence or presence of watermarks, the overall size of the sheet and the consistency of the impression. Having said this, first editions are almost always more valuable, so don’t be afraid to ask questions, and consult with specialists. It’s not simply a matter of precaution, but an extension of being genuinely interested in an artist’s work that should guide one’s curiosity. Overall, the main thing to be wary about is buying a forgery while thinking it’s an authentic work. Since a print that was signed by the artist does increase its value, one should make sure that whatever signature a print bears is legitimate.
Don’t assume that the artist signed a print. Unscrupulous persons have been known to take a genuine print and forge the artist’s signature. Since a print signed in pencil by the artist is worth more than the same composition unsigned, one must be especially cautious if collecting works by A-list artists such as Picasso, Salvador Dali, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, etc. But unsigned impressions aren’t always bad things. Savvy art buyers on a budget are known to purposely look for unsigned impressions of the same print — knowing that aesthetically there is no difference, while the savings are enormous.
WHAT IS A PHOTOGRAPHIC PRINT?
The difference between a photographic print and a fine art print has to do with the paper involved with the print. The photographic paper is not as of a high-quality paper as the fine art paper. Photographic paper has acid in the paper which can make the print fade, crack, or even make them brittle over time.
WHAT IS A FINE ART PRINT?
Fine art prints are made with high-quality archival inks on acid-free fine art papers using a high-resolution large format printer. These are also known as fine art giclee prints. These exquisite fine art papers are acid-free because the acid content of other photographic print paper can make them brittle and crack over time. They will also turn yellow from too much exposure to light.
Fine art prints made with acid-free fine art paper have a lifespan of over a hundred years and usually don't fade, crack or turn yellow. Fine art paper has to meet certain quality criteria to be considered fine art paper. Fine art prints are highly sought after by photographers and artists when they select a paper for their clients.