by Alina Livneva10 October '18
Define Abstract Art
What is abstract art?
How do we define abstraction?
A trend in painting and sculpture in the twentieth century. Abstraction breaks away from the traditional representation of physical objects. It explores the relationships of forms and colors.
Abstract art defined
Abstraction is a departure from reality which releases the creative energy of people and provides them with the freedom to explore their minds and emotions in a way which was impossible in traditional styles of art. The abstract is an expression connecting the feelings and vibes than the usual perception of realism. We may define the abstract as a non-figurative art; it is not either objective or representational.
Abstract art history
Abstraction emerged at the turn of the 20th century and focuses on exploring color and form. Unlike other styles, abstraction does not portray objects as they appear in real life. Before the emergence of this style, artists focused on illustrating human civilization and the world of nature. Abstract artworks experiment with the use of texture, tone, and light perception. Through abstract works, artists express their feelings rather than certain objects or scenes. Early abstraction was represented by movements such as:
Abstract art movement
Cubism - Dadaism - Surrealism - Fauvism
Before World War I, artists in Europe started creating fundamentally abstract artworks where no recognizable objects were portrayed. However, these initiatives were not supported by the majority of even progressive artists. During War, two new influential schools emerged in Europe which further promoted the development of abstraction. These schools were Dada (in Zurich) and De Stijl (in the Netherlands). In the 1950s, development of abstraction was fueled by the works of the powerful art abstract movement - Expressionism, which appeared in the United States and soon spread around the world. Other popular forms included:
Suprematism - Neo-Plasticism - Art Informel - De Stijl
It is important to note that the roots of abstraction can be found in Post-Impressionism, which appeared in France before the turn of the 20th century. Early forms of abstract artworks included illustrations of people with the use of angles and planes. One of the bright examples of such techniques is pointillism, where artists used points to illustrate different places and people.
The nature of abstraction
There is no consensus about the definition and abstraction nature. Nevertheless, this is a legitimate style of art. In fact, abstract artworks can mean many different things for a person, thus, giving him or her a lot of freedom and room for creativity. Art abstract allows people to explore things that they see in their mind rather than with their eyes. There is a distinction between creating artworks from forms that are not drawn from the visible world and abstracting from appearances.
Types of abstract art
There are many ways to classify art abstract. One of the approaches divides into the following groups or types:
- Curvilinear abstract art -
Curvilinear abstract art has its roots in Celtic art. This style involves the use of interlace patterns, knots (8 basic types), and spirals (such as triskelion).
- Color abstract art -
Color abstraction is characterized by the use of color to make the objects appear as detached from reality.
- Abstract geometric art -
Abstract geometric art appeared in 1908 and was represented by such movements as Cubism.
- Abstract Expressionism -
Abstract Expressionism united the painters who filled their canvases with fields of color and abstract forms, but also those who attacked their canvases with a vigorous gestural expressionism. They were committed to art as expressions of the self, born out of profound emotion and universal themes.
- Emotional abstract art -
Abstract art showing emotion employs abstraction to represent nature, unlike geometric art which is completely anti-nature.
- Gestural abstract art -
In gesture art, the process of creating paintings becomes central because artists of this style often use brushes in unconventional ways and the brushwork is in many cases rapid and loose.
- Minimalist abstract art -
Finally, minimalist abstract art is stripped of any external associations and references.
Abstract art popularity
Abstraction has become so popular in our time because it requires artists and viewers to use more of their imagination. When looking at an abstract piece, for example, the human mind starts processing information in a different way than it is when dealing with figurative art. Most abstract artworks leave many details unspecified, thus, prompting the human mind to come up with these details through imagination.